At Murrayville Animal Hospital kittens and cats are just as welcomed and important as dogs. We strive to make sure cat owners understand vaccinations for their cats and why they are important. One disease we aim to prevent is Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV).
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is comparable to AIDS in humans and is often found simultaneously occurring in cats with feline leukemia virus (FeLV). Similar to AIDS, FIV is present in blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and saliva. The most common transmission of the virus is through a cat fight or during pregnancy as an infected mother passes it to her offspring. In very rare cases, a cat may contract FIV through saliva. Feline immunodeficiency virus is a slowly progressing virus and cannot survive outside its host.
FIV is species-specific, meaning it cannot be acquired from another species, nor can it be passed to another species; it only occurs within cats. Male cats are almost twice as likely to acquire feline immunodeficiency virus, reflecting their propensity to roam as well as quarrel with other cats.
Common illnesses that may occur simultaneously:
• Eye disease
• Neurological problems
• Sinus infection
• Skin disease
• Swollen lymph nodes.